Following Romania’s entry into the European Union the country’s government developedto a great extent its institutional anticorruption institutions. An anticorruption strategy was adopted, in addition to a legislation, which defines the remit of the three main agencies, specialized in countering corruption: the Anticorruption General Directorate (DGA), the National Integrity Agency (ANI)and the National Anticorruption Directorate (DNA).
The Anti-Corruption General Directorate (DGA) is a structure of the biggest ministry in the country – the Ministry of Administration and Interior (MoAI). The DGA is the only police structure with the competence to investigate cases of corruption committed by the personnel of the Ministry.
DGA is a central Directorate within the MoAI, directly subordinated to the Minister of Interior, only from the administrative point of view. As judiciary police, DGA officers are operationally coordinated by the case prosecutor, when carrying out investigations. This double subordination aims to ensure the independence and objective character of investigations, while allowing the Directorate to carry out efficient prevention activities. DGA has 500 employees working in four main sections (intelligence, criminal investigations, prevention and support) and 42 regional offices.
The National Integrity Agency is focused on monitoring and uncovering discrepancies in the asset declarations of public officials; it identifies conflict of interests and wealth accumulated from illegal sources. In its report on Romania “Transparency International” stresses the high motivation of the agency’s leadership, translated into several investigations of corruption in high places, which contributes to overcoming public distrust towards the existing anticorruption system in the country.
The National Anticorruption Directorate (DNA) attached to the Prosecutor Office at the High Cassation Court and specialized on criminal investigation of high and medium level corruption. The DNA has branches in 41 Romanian districts and in Bucharest. Moreover, DNA investigates offences committed against the financial interests of the European Communities as well as certain categories of serious economic and financial crimes.
Anti-Corruption General Directorate – Annual Report 2011