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Germany

In Germany, the Federal Criminal Police does not produce an OCTA report, but there are situational reports (see below). On the state level, some states like North Rhine-Westphalia produces an annual OCTA report, which is not published in English, and it is not public.

National Situation Report 2009

The National Situation Report contains summarized information about the current situation and the trends in the area of organized crime.

The report is issued by the German Federal Criminal Bureau (Bundeskriminalamt) in cooperation with regional crime bureaus (LKA), the German Customs Intelligence Service (ZKA) and the Police Service Headquarters. The data about organized crime investigations in 2009 are obtained by applying the same criteria throughout the country.

Although only a summary version of the report is available, it gives a general idea of the organized crime parameters in the country, in addition to information about the application of some methodological keys. The report contains three different approaches in defining the typology of organized crime activities in Germany: legal terminology (“crimes against property”), formulation of a definition according to the type/area of activity („crimes linked to business”), or in accordance with what social milieu/way of life is targeted („crimes linked to nightlife”).

One leading approach followed in the development of the German report is the method of comparing the current data with that from the previous year. One can also notice a specific treat which reflects the peculiarity of organized crime in this country, namely the fact, that foreign nationals represent the majority of organized criminals. There is a distinctive specialization of different national/ethnic groups in concrete crime “businesses”. This gives another dimension of the comparison between current and previous years’ figures about national representation in the organized crime groups. Another interesting detail stems from the comparison between the annual number of newly identified criminal actors within the organized crime underworld.

The latest (2008) BKA is available at:
http://www.bka.de/lageberichte/ok/2008kf/lagebild_ok_2008_kurzlage_englisch.pdf

Criminal money management as a cutting edge between profit oriented crime and terrorism

Possible developments until the year 2012 and strategic recommendations

This report is produced within the framework of EDGE (a project co-financed by the EU Agis Programme) by the German Nordrhein-Westfalen province Police Service in cooperation with Europol, the Turkish National Police, and Ghent University from Belgium. Its conclusions, however, are binding only for the German police structure. The report summarizes all the three phases of the EDGE project (implemented from December 2005 to May 2007) and the three volumes, which were presented at the time (Volume 1 “First Results”, Volume 2 “Factors Essays”, and Volume 3 “Scenarios, Measures and Project Evaluation”.

The report presents both quantitative and qualitative assessment of the existing situation in the area of money transfers (including bank transfers, cash couriers, the use of transport of goods, alternative services, and other methods). It focuses also on the different factors that impact future trends in this area. Concrete scenarios are discussed, in addition to a detailed description of the scenario method. Finally, the report stresses on the methodologies used for formulating recommendations for countering criminal money management, in addition to the evaluation of the already applied law-enforcement measures.

The full text is available at: EDGE – Final Results


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