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JRI Publications

Prison Conditions Monitoring Index: Methodology and Pilot Results
International organisations, national governments and human rights NGOs exercise various types of monitoring of the penitentiary systems. In order to quantify their results, there are some generally accepted indicators (such as the number of inmates per 100.000 citizens), but in many specific areas like healthcare, employment, security and safety, such indicators have never been applied. Therefore, those monitoring efforts will substantially benefit from an instrument capable of supplying comparable and easy-to-use data on the situation in prisons. more »
 
Improving Protection of Victims’ Rights: Access to Legal Aid
The book Improving Protection of Victims’ Rights: Access to Legal Aid was published by Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland, as scientific output of the initiative by the same name, to which the Center for the Study of Democracy was a partner. The publication presents a report, edited by CSD experts and comparing partner countries’ domestic systems and international standards in the area. Moreover, the legal aid norms of Poland, Bulgaria, Latvia, England and Wales and Portugal are reviewed and the challenges to providing legal advice to victims of crime are discussed. more »
 
Ambulant sanctions as an alternative to imprisonment in the European Union
The issue of imprisonment vs. alternative penalties has been debated in various European countries during the last decades, and ambulant sanctions have been heavily on the rise. Community sentences and other alternatives to imprisonment are regarded as modern instruments for the rehabilitation of offenders. The objective of the present study is to examine the scope of application of penalties without deprivation of liberty as compared to imprisonment as well as to identify promising practices of alternative criminal sanctioning in Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Spain and Lithuania. more »
 
Country reports on Vulnerable Groups of Inmates
The country reports on vulnerable groups of inmates consider the situation of selected groups of prisoners qualified by UN as vulnerable due to their special position in the prisons of Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Lithuania and Spain. Each paper researches the availability of a legal provisions in the respective country which possibly neutralise these groups’ vulnerabilities as well as practices which authorities and NGOs implement towards these groups. more »
 
Country fiches on availability and accessibility of data on prisons
The country fiches on availability and accessibility of data offer an overview of the prison-related data collection in Bulgaria, Belgium, Germany, Lithuania and Spain. Each report presents the institutions responsible for collecting statistics on prisons, what data is collected and by what categories the information is disaggregated, how regularly the collected information is updated, are there any restrictions concerning the access to data, etc. more »
 
Justice Sector Institutional Indicators for Criminal Case Management
The present white paper summarises the main findings of the Justice Sector Institutional Indicators for Criminal Case Management study. It puts forward the main problems which EU countries face in measuring justice system performance – there is no single assessment model and many countries are still in the experimental phase. more »
 
E-Tools for Criminal Case Management within Selected EU Member States
This publication provides comparative analysis of current practices of justice recordkeeping and the electronic tools for measuring the judicial system performance in Finland, Belgium, Greece, Italy, Spain, Germany, and England and Wales as well as an overview of the introduction of ICT in the judiciaries of Bulgaria and Poland. more »
 
Review of Need: Indicators of Public Confidence in Criminal Justice for Policy Assessment
In September 2009 a report, entitled Review of Need: Indicators of Public Confidence in Criminal Justice for Policy Assessment’ came out, published by the European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, Affiliated with the United Nations (HEUNI). The publication is the first volume of the working papers of the EUROJUSTIS project, designed to provide EU institutions and Member States with new indicators for assessing public confidence in justice. It is a result of the implementation of one of the project’s specific objectives: to assess the perceived need for European social indicators of public confidence in justice for policy assessment and to examine the state of current tools. The working paper was jointly prepared and edited by experts from the Law Program of the Center for the Study of Democracy and from HEUNI, since the Center was leading the project partners’ effort for needs assessment. more »
 
CSD Brief No 14: Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement along Bulgaria's Borders: The Impact of EU Accession
Enhanced criminal justice and improved cross-border cooperation between judicial and law enforcement authorities are essential for the EU and its Member States in order to effectively respond to the increasing threat of cross-border criminality. This policy brief is a follow up to the 2007 CSD report Reinforcing Criminal Justice in Border Districts and examines the attitude of and measures undertaken by the relevant stakeholders as regards the policy recommendations formulated by the report. more »
 
Commentary of the Law on the Commercial Register
The entry into force of the Law on the Commercial Register will start a long deferred, but much needed reform in the system of commercial registration, which was incepted in the middle of the 90’s. It started with the legislative regulation of the Central Pledges Register, of the electronic document and electronic signature and the concepts for the Electronic Registries Center, initiated and developed by the Center for the Study of Democracy. The Commentary aims at supporting the reform and facilitating the use and provision of register services. It was written by experts of the Center for the Study of Democracy – renowned lawyers, working in the fields of commercial and civil law. more »
 

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