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Judicial Reform

Judicial reform has turned into one of the biggest challenges faced by country after the democratic changes in 1989 and is still in the focus of the public agenda. Ever since it initiated the Judicial Reform Initiative (1999), the Law Program has been actively working to facilitate the establishment of an effective, transparent and accountable judiciary. Efforts range from drafting overall strategic policy documents to developing research-based reform recommendations in specific areas such as structure and management of the judiciary, internal oversight mechanisms, recruitment and promotion policies, anti-corruption, etc.



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Victims of Crime – New Trends in Identifying, Needs Assessment and Referral in Bulgaria and the EU
Despite the transposition of the EU acquis on the protection of victims of crime, Bulgaria is still lagging behind in providing victims adequate support and participation in criminal proceedings. more »
Protection of the Rights of Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings
In order for the referral, support and protection of the rights of victims of trafficking of human beings (THB) to be effective, stakeholders need to work in cooperation towards a common goal and each of them should understand the others’ perspectives. more »
Countering Extortion Racketeering in Bulgaria: Examining the Evidence and Devising Appropriate Measures
During the 1990s, Bulgaria experienced a significant upsurge in extortion racketeering, a crime which came to define the decade. Even though rates have decreased in recent years, the problem appears to persist. On 27 October 2016, the Center for the Study of Democracy organized a round table discussion on Countering Extortion Racketeering: Problem areas and Possible Measures. The meeting was attended by representatives of the Ministry of Interior, General Directorate National Police, General Directorate Combatting Organised Crime and the Sofia Appellate Court. more »
Improving the registration of non-profit legal entities
NGOs in Bulgaria are registered in more than 20 different registers, yet there is a lack of accessible, up-to-date and reliable information on their activities. This is one of the main conclusions of the Center for the Study of Democracy’s analysis dedicated to the reform of NGOs’ registration. The report was presented at the roundtable ‘Improving the registration of non-profit legal entities’ organised by the Center. The event was attended by representatives of the Council of Ministers, the Ministry of Justice, the Registry Agency, as well as NGOs, the IT sector and the media. more »


all publications

Mapping reports on social orientation in twelve EU Member States
Experts from six EU Member States – Bulgaria, Belgium, Greece, Austria, Romania and Latvia – led by the Center for the Study of Democracy completed the mapping of the systems of social orientation for non-nationals in twelve EU Member States. The overviews concerned the legal framework under which social orientation is delivered, the course/module providers, the audience targeted by the social orientation efforts. more »
Mapping of stakeholders in the area of victim support
The present report outlines the structure and components of systems of victims support in Bulgaria, Romania, Sweden and Germany. The rights of victims in the four Member States’ legislations are outlined, as well as the general and specific victim support entities in them and the models of their coordination and co-operation. more »
Manual on model practices for the identification, needs assessment and referral of victims
The manual on model practices for the identification, needs assessment and referral of victims is a result of a research effort by a transnational team of academics, policy makers and practitioners, including representatives of the Center for the Study of Democracy. more »
Handbook for professionals assisting victims of trafficking
The handbook for legal, social and health professionals involved in the protection of the rights and in the assistance of victims of human trafficking was prepared by a transnational team of experts, including representatives of the Center for the Study of Democracy. It tackles the legal framework of protecting and supporting victims of trafficking, the process of secondary victimisation by the criminal justice system, the role of psychologists and social workers in the criminal process and the multidisciplinary work in processing trafficking cases. more »

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