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Organized Crime in Bulgaria: Markets and Trends
 
Rather than being deviant behavior, as it generally is in other societies, in post-communist states such as Bulgaria organized crime was an essential attribute of a society in transition from state to private property. As the post-1989 state’s monopoly over the economy began to dissolve, institutional control declined and private businesses proliferated in a largely unregulated environment. The collapse of the totalitarian state, whose immediate result was a burgeoning gray and black economy followed by a precarious combination of legal and shady businesses run by the post-communist elites, rather seamlessly propagated the emergence of organized crime.

These are part of the conclusions drawn in the CSD report Organized Crime in Bulgaria: Markets and Trends released on December 12, 2007 at a round table at the Boyana conference center. The report summarizes the analyses carried out by the Center for the Study of Democracy throughout the last decade which have focused on specific aspects of organized crime in Bulgaria (contraband, the drug market, tax fraud, human trafficking, arms proliferation, etc.), the systemic spread of corruption, and the linkages between the two. The report presents the latest trends and manifestations (or market niches) of syndicate crime and its particularly damaging effects. It goes further to offer a historical review of the facts and available expertise in the area, and to draw conclusions about the origin, characteristics and developmental features of organized criminality in Bulgaria in the context of the transition to democracy.


The report builds on previous CSD analyses on these issues, including Transportation, Smuggling and Organized Crime and The Drug Market in Bulgaria.

Round table Organized Crime in Bulgaria: Markets and Trends, 12 December 2007

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