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Energy Security and Energy Governance

The governance of Bulgaria’s energy sector is faced with a number of problems of a technical, legal, and institutional nature. Recent audits of the implementation of large energy infrastructure projects have exposed some serious governance issues. more »

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  CSD Thematic Areas for 2014
In 2014 CSD continues to focus on unfinished domestic reforms and international challenges to the country. more »

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TeliaSonera Business Day 2014: Exploring the Shadow Economy Around the World
On 8 October 2014, CSD presented its experience in measuring the hidden economy in Bulgaria at the TeliaSonera Business Day: Exploring the Shadow Economy Around the World. The Stockholm School of Economics in Riga, the TeliaSonera Institute at SSE Riga and Telia Sonera were the hosts of the event. more »

States and States of Informality in Europe: Current and Future Perspectives
On 4 September 2014 in Sofia, the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD) in cooperation with the Sheffield University Management School (UK) and the Institute of Public Finance (Croatia) organised an international Marie Curie conference on tackling the Informal economy and undeclared work in Europe. more »

Policy Forum "Energy (In)Security in Bulgaria: National Policy and European Perspectives"
On July 25, 2014, the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD) organized in Sofia a policy forum on Bulgaria’s national and European perspectives on energy security. more »

Public discussion "Management and disposal of seized and confiscated criminal assets in EU countries"
On 11 July 2014, the Center for the Study of Democracy held a public discussion on "Management and disposal of seized and confiscated criminal assets in EU countries". The aim of the discussion was to review the current state of play, significance and recent developments in this field. more »


Competitiveness Landscape of Bulgaria 2013 – 2014

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Yet a grandiose pipeline project means little to ordinary Bulgarians getting by on a monthly salary of €400 or less, said Ognian Shentov, chairman of the Centre for the Study of Democracy, a Sofia think-tank. “There’s a lot of resentment against the oligarchs but no critical mass of opposition – they (the oligarchs) are a concern of the chattering class, not of people who are struggling to pay their electricity bills,” Mr Shentov said.

Bulgarians go to the polls amid discontent, Financial Times, 3 October 2014

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“I think that one of the most important steps required to tackle the informal economy is to speed up the efforts in changing the informal institutions of the society (norms, beliefs, values) in such a way as to coincide with the needs of the formal institutions (regulations, laws). We need to get the people to start buying what the government is selling. Regrettably, my experience has shown that this cannot happen by using only fines and imposing restrictions. Genuine efforts should be made to foster a culture of commitment in order to align the two. And this requires formal institutions to change if citizens are to change their approach to paying taxes. The good news is that this has already started to be done in the Nordic countries and there is a long tradition which not simply shows the positives of such efforts, but also allows us to measure them in financial terms.”

Professor Colin Williams, Sheffield University during the international Marie Curie conference States and States of Informality in Europe: Current and Future Perspectives, 4 September 2014, Sofia

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